in The European Left Party
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This chapter reflects on the role of TNPs during and after the impact of the Great Recession. The broader context helps us understand the challenges and pitfalls facing the EL. We reflect upon these and analyse the achievements of the EL to date. We summarise the EL’s achievements in respect of socialisation, legitimacy, policy-making and effecting Europeanisation. We comment on diversity and competition in the radical left in the run-up to the 2019 European Parliament elections. We finish by teasing out the implications of our study in terms of future research.


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