This chapter reflects on the role of TNPs during and after the impact of the
Great Recession. The broader context helps us understand the challenges and
pitfalls facing the EL. We reflect upon these and analyse the achievements
of the EL to date. We summarise the EL’s achievements in respect of
socialisation, legitimacy, policy-making and effecting Europeanisation. We
comment on diversity and competition in the radical left in the run-up to
the 2019 European Parliament elections. We finish by teasing out the
implications of our study in terms of future research.