War and the end of empire, 1914–18
in Vienna’s ‘respectable’ antisemites
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This chapter considers events from the murder of Archduke Franz Ferdinand through to the collapse of the Empire at the end of the First World War. It shows how, after initial enthusiasm for war, a number of factors created an atmosphere of bitterness in Vienna: extreme food shortages, rumours of spies among the Slavic population of the city and enhanced antisemitism as large numbers of Austrian Jewish refugees fled to Vienna from the eastern front, where the Russians advanced. When collapse came at the end of the war, and independent nation-states were created from the remnants of the Empire, many German Austrians wanted to join with Germany, but were prevented from doing so by the victorious powers. The chapter also examines how, in standing beside the Habsburgs, the Church helped to bolster anti-democratic sentiment.

Vienna’s ‘respectable’ antisemites

A study of the Christian Social movement

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