New challenges to military-techno Pax Americana
in Artificial intelligence and the future of warfare
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Why does the US view China’s progress in dual-use AI as a threat to its first-mover advantage? How might the US respond to this perceived threat? This chapter considers the intensity of US–China strategic competition playing out within a broad range of AI and AI-enabling technologies (e.g. machine-learning, 5G networks, autonomy and robotics, quantum computing, and big-data analytics). It describes how great power competition is mounting within several dual-use high-tech fields, why these innovations are considered by Washington to be strategically vital, and how (and to what end) the US responds to the perceived challenge posed by China to its technological hegemony. The chapter uses the International Relations concept of 'polarity' (the nature and distribution of power within the international system) as a lens to view the shifting great power dynamics in AI-related strategic technology.

Artificial intelligence and the future of warfare

The USA, China, and strategic stability

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