Jean P. Smith
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‘The last bastion of the British Empire’
The politics of migration in the final days of Rhodesia and apartheid South Africa, 1970–94
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This chapter considers the final years of the Rhodesian and apartheid regimes. The intensification of the war between anti-colonial forces and the Rhodesian government in the mid-1970s saw a decline in the number of British and other immigrants to Rhodesia. In South Africa, however, after a small dip following the Soweto Uprising in 1976, British migration quickly recovered and remained at high levels until 1984. This migration coincided with vocal sympathy for the Rhodesian and apartheid regimes in the United Kingdom by such groups as the Monday Club, a Conservative pressure group, and the continuing implementation of racialised immigration policy culminating in the 1981 British Nationality Act. It also highlights growing opposition to British and other European migration to South Africa and Rhodesia, examining the UN sanctions placed on Rhodesia and the campaigns of the anti-apartheid movement.

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Settlers at the end of empire

Race and the politics of migration in South Africa, Rhodesia and the United Kingdom


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