‘Diabolic clouds over everything’
An ecoGothic reading of John Ruskin’s garden at Brantwood
in EcoGothic gardens in the long nineteenth century
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John Ruskin set out to create a woodland paradise in his garden at Brantwood but was ultimately betrayed by the landscape in which he hoped to find sanctuary. His attempt to domesticate nature was subverted by weather, pollution and unheeded plant growth, his anthropocentric reading of a benign garden replaced by a disorienting vision of an inhospitable landscape where humanity was subservient to the destructive agency of nature. This ecophobic resonance parallels the dissolution of certainty in Ruskin’s reaction to materialist science; the increasing proofs became impossible to undo, and the environment seemed to be conspiring against him. Ruskin’s declining mental health was mirrored in the unfathomable failure of his gardening projects, and in the dark skies overhead, in which he recognised a diabolic ‘plague cloud’. An ecoGothic reading of Ruskin’s garden exposes the role of environmental forces in his destabilisation, and re-evaluates his garden practice through the lens of ecophobia.

EcoGothic gardens in the long nineteenth century

Phantoms, fantasy and uncanny flowers

Editor: Sue Edney

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