Cities, towns, civic buildings and hill stations
in The British Empire through buildings
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As imperial authority was established, towns and cities grew and spread into the interior of continents. The morphology of such urban settlements was embedded in economic, social and racial requirements, in zoning and in the creation of buildings that would be climatically comfortable. This chapter particularly examines structures such as town halls and assembly and parliament buildings, as constitutional developments required them. While these were the characteristics of what is known as formal empire, settlements of Europeans pursuing economic objectives also created familiar buildings in settings of informal empire, for example in the Middle or Far East. Finally, the chapter examines the wholly new development of hill stations, designed for the comfort, recreation and health of Europeans. Generally associated with India, hill stations also appeared in South-East Asia, the Far East, Australia, Africa and the Caribbean.

The British Empire through buildings

Structure, function and meaning

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