Imperial and colonial settlers and sojourners (temporary residents) required
places to live. Their residences were built in an extraordinary hierarchy of
scale and quality, well represented by the great gulfs seen in plantation
economies. Elsewhere, urban residences sprang up in large numbers, often
reflecting the universalising of the bungalow style originating in India,
and more rarely, terraces in inner colonial cities. As the nineteenth
century progressed and the great explosion in many colonial economies
occurred (for example, though the exploitation of gold in Australia and
southern Africa), cities grew to a considerable extent, particularly after
the development of transport systems – railways, trams and later, buses –
stimulated the creation of suburbs. In many places, inner cities became
crowded and the notion of the City Improvement Trust was created in the late
nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in order to alleviate some of the
problems this caused. This idea appeared on several continents, but
sometimes introduced as many problems as it set out to alleviate,
particularly when applied to the zones of indigenous residents in India and
elsewhere in Asia.
In this chapter, the author, through a family history, speaks of how forced exile persists through generations. He narrates the series of events that took place after he left England and moved to United States, including the catastrophic failures of nuclear reactors. The discussion largely focuses on the incidence of cancers caused by exposure to radioactivity in England, and the impact it had on Anglo-American relations. The author also showcases the differences between English and American cultures.
In this chapter, the author discusses the cultural life in Rochester, New York, in the 1920s. The city of the 1920s is often referred to as 'Mr Eastman's town'. Economically, the first three decades of the twentieth century had been described as Rochester's golden age, and the centrality of Eastman-Kodak to the city's prosperity had important cultural consequences. The establishment by George Eastman of the Eastman School of Music and the Eastman Theatre in 1922 was the single most important event marking the 'end of provincialism'. The 'Rochester Renaissance' owed a lot to Eastman's wealth and philanthropy .
In this chapter, the author explains the internment of aliens in Britain during the Second World War. The 'internment of aliens' is a peculiar and rather hysterical measure taken by the British government after Dunkirk. The author describes his father as an alien. He is alien to Britain and to English culture. He came to Britain from Germany in February 1938, was a class C 'enemy alien' (recognised as a genuine refugee, and officially designated a 'friendly' enemy alien). The classifications were made by wartime tribunals set up in Britain in 1939.