The global expansion of empire prompted the globalisation of The Christian
religion and its buildings. In the British case, this has to be seen in
terms of the ‘four nations’ of the British Isles. Throughout the empire
there was a struggle between Anglicanism, which attempted to assert its
authority as the English established Church, and the other denominations,
notably the Church of Scotland, which was also established. The chapter
examines the spread of Anglican cathedrals and churches, of Scottish
churches and churches of other denominations, as well as mission stations,
with their churches and many other buildings, including hospitals and
schools. In addition to the Christian religion, freemasonry expanded
throughout the empire, creating a large number of lodges of the various
‘rites’. The ‘friendly societies’ were also significant in this respect. The
chapter surveys the various different styles in which these buildings were
constructed as well as the struggles that attended their creation. As
always, the racial dimension is central to the discussion, in the attempted
conversion of indigenous peoples and of their acceptability within churches
that were, in many cases, originally built for Europeans.
In this chapter, the author, through a family history, speaks of how forced exile persists through generations. He narrates the series of events that took place after he left England and moved to United States, including the catastrophic failures of nuclear reactors. The discussion largely focuses on the incidence of cancers caused by exposure to radioactivity in England, and the impact it had on Anglo-American relations. The author also showcases the differences between English and American cultures.
In this chapter, the author discusses the cultural life in Rochester, New York, in the 1920s. The city of the 1920s is often referred to as 'Mr Eastman's town'. Economically, the first three decades of the twentieth century had been described as Rochester's golden age, and the centrality of Eastman-Kodak to the city's prosperity had important cultural consequences. The establishment by George Eastman of the Eastman School of Music and the Eastman Theatre in 1922 was the single most important event marking the 'end of provincialism'. The 'Rochester Renaissance' owed a lot to Eastman's wealth and philanthropy .
In this chapter, the author explains the internment of aliens in Britain during the Second World War. The 'internment of aliens' is a peculiar and rather hysterical measure taken by the British government after Dunkirk. The author describes his father as an alien. He is alien to Britain and to English culture. He came to Britain from Germany in February 1938, was a class C 'enemy alien' (recognised as a genuine refugee, and officially designated a 'friendly' enemy alien). The classifications were made by wartime tribunals set up in Britain in 1939.