This chapter seeks to take little-noticed examples of colonial cities to
explore insights into the processes recounted in the earlier chapters.
Valletta is taken as an example of an island colony in Europe with a
remarkable history, which the British took over during the Napoleonic wars
and significantly modified as a naval base and staging post on the route to
India. Rangoon is a very special case, since almost nothing has been
published on this city because of the particular conditions of the
post-Second World War history of Burma/Myanmar, yet it presents a
particularly illuminating instance of the foundation and growth of a city
together with the manner in which it is presented today. The creation of new
capitals was an extraordinary phenomenon of the late British Empire and the
rest of the chapter examines three of them: Canberra for the Commonwealth of
Australia (founded in 1901), New Delhi, and Lusaka in Northern Rhodesia
(Zambia). Canberra had a very slow and tortured origin and development, in
some respects only coming into its own in the twenty-first century. New
Delhi has received a great deal of attention, but it remains an intriguing
case and some aspects of its creation and emergence as ‘heritage’ have been
ignored. Lusaka is a highly significant case of an African new capital which
offers many insights into imperial attitudes, the survival of extraordinary
racial attitudes and the impractical belief in the continuing force of
In this chapter, the author, through a family history, speaks of how forced exile persists through generations. He narrates the series of events that took place after he left England and moved to United States, including the catastrophic failures of nuclear reactors. The discussion largely focuses on the incidence of cancers caused by exposure to radioactivity in England, and the impact it had on Anglo-American relations. The author also showcases the differences between English and American cultures.
In this chapter, the author discusses the cultural life in Rochester, New York, in the 1920s. The city of the 1920s is often referred to as 'Mr Eastman's town'. Economically, the first three decades of the twentieth century had been described as Rochester's golden age, and the centrality of Eastman-Kodak to the city's prosperity had important cultural consequences. The establishment by George Eastman of the Eastman School of Music and the Eastman Theatre in 1922 was the single most important event marking the 'end of provincialism'. The 'Rochester Renaissance' owed a lot to Eastman's wealth and philanthropy .
In this chapter, the author explains the internment of aliens in Britain during the Second World War. The 'internment of aliens' is a peculiar and rather hysterical measure taken by the British government after Dunkirk. The author describes his father as an alien. He is alien to Britain and to English culture. He came to Britain from Germany in February 1938, was a class C 'enemy alien' (recognised as a genuine refugee, and officially designated a 'friendly' enemy alien). The classifications were made by wartime tribunals set up in Britain in 1939.