Being disconnected
Genesis of a new technical utopia
in Dreams of disconnection
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At the very moment when the dream of connection was becoming a reality, transforming each city-dweller into a network-subscriber in a very short lapse of time, a new technical utopia emerged: disconnection. Whereas connection became a principle, its relevance was questioned. The criticism of the network’s accessibility for the largest number of people was based on economic but also environmental issues. Faced with the depletion of non-renewable reserves and the pollution of the industrial city, the self-management of energy derived from the natural milieu appeared as an alternative. Inventions intended to promote hydroelectric, wind and solar energies developed throughout the nineteenth century, and energy autonomy/autarky was emerging as a phenomenon and a full-fledged project. Starting in that century, discussions in the United States, France, Germany and the United Kingdom began in favor of energy decentralization and self-production, which could not only free the landscapes and ground from the web of flows, but users from the monopolies.

Dreams of disconnection

From the autonomous house to self-sufficient territories

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