Counterculture radicalism
in Dreams of disconnection
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Faced with intense energy concerns, autonomy would take over the myth of abundance. A self-sufficiency imaginary dimension corresponded to this reassuring space: a new technological system ensured vital necessities and their restocking from local resources. The energy autonomy movement offered several approaches that fragmented an architectural unity of principle and intent. The various ambitions concerned self-building techniques and archetypes as well as industrialization processes, the most sophisticated space technologies and pure prospective. Energy autonomy, however, gave rise to two major orientations: a first wave derived from the American counterculture’s self-building movement, radical and eminently political, and another more institutional and technical approach in line with a scientific and architectural tradition. Following the oil crisis, this energy approach would become widespread in the mid-1970s. The multiplication of projects established an institutionalization of the subject, an evolution in programs and scales. If most of the research initially concerned the inhabitable unit, these energy anticipations then spread to the city, the territory.

Dreams of disconnection

From the autonomous house to self-sufficient territories

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