Electricity micro-grids
A tool for the energy transition?
in Dreams of disconnection
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Since the beginning of the 2000s, the recomposition of service networks has been questioning the emergence of a new hierarchy of electricity systems. The changes in scale in production, even in distribution, is modifying urban and regional energy futures. The share of decentralized renewable energy is being discussed on the international, national, regional and municipal scale and the micro-grid has appeared as a recurring reticular figure. There are many projects in the United States, in New York in particular, but also in London in the United Kingdom, whereas in France, these electricity micro-grids have been tightly restricted in the framework of the law on individual and collective self-consumption. The large historic distribution operators are attempting to keep their hands on this historic competence by developing smart grids whose principle is to envisage local micro-productions as an import–export reserve in the energy market to benefit the balance of the large distribution network. By analyzing energy decentralization through the angle of the micro-grid technical object incorporated into urban projects, this chapter queries the spatial effects of the infrastructural changes underway. The infrastructural transition presents a large diversity of technical, political and scalar responses today; there are new elements – additions, but also coexisting elements and hybridizations.

Dreams of disconnection

From the autonomous house to self-sufficient territories

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