The Scots, the Parliament and the people
The Rise of the New Model Army revisited
in Revolutionising politics
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This chapter focuses on the ways in which English villagers in the West Midlands enumerated and reflected on their losses to the Scottish Army as it marched through the region in 1645 on the way to an abortive siege of the royalist city of Hereford. It argues that the enthusiasm for drawing up financial accounts of plunder and free-quarter reveals the importance of local agency within the parliamentarian war-time state while attitudes to Parliament’s Scottish allies demonstrate the complexity of local–central interactions during the Civil War. Scottish military exactions were long remembered, and these earlier direct encounters with the Scots contributed to the lack of support for Scottish-backed royalism in 1648 and 1651.The chapter offers a re-evaluation of Mark Kishlansky’s account of the Parliamentary cause in his Rise of the New Model Army, and stresses the importance of the Civil War context to understanding English state formation.

Revolutionising politics

Culture and conflict in England, 1620–60

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