Izabella Main
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Reproductive rights in migration
Politics, values, and in/exclusionary practices in assisted reproduction
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This chapter analyses politics and areas of inclusionary/exclusionary practices in reproductive healthcare – in particular assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) experienced by recent Polish migrant women in Berlin and Oslo. It is based on ethnographic fieldwork, conducted among Polish female migrants. First, it discusses reproductive politics in Poland in relation to ARTs and discourses on migration, depopulation, and reproduction. Migration from Poland often leads to improvement in reproductive rights because migrants gain access to programmes which are not (or are less) available in present-day Poland. Second, it analyses whether access to ARTs abroad is easy, what migrating Polish women think about ART reproduction, and whether they are aware of and influenced by the discourse on moral governmentality enforced by the Catholic church and conservative groups in Poland. It argues that increasing mobility and transnational lifestyle may result in challenges over access to local healthcare systems but also create new solutions. The experiences of a few women (and couples) show that there are aspects of power and agency in both inclusionary and exclusionary situations of regulating human bodies in the sphere of reproduction. Therefore, migration leads to dynamic situations, ambiguities, and constraints in gendered reproductive rights and related ideologies.

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