Informal bargaining
Nuclear weapons cooperation and the US–Australia alliance
in Partners in deterrence
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Unlike other US allies, Australia has had a highly informal process of engagement with the US on nuclear weapons. Despite the close relationship with the US in managing the presence of intelligence and communication facilities on Australian territory that have embedded Australia in US nuclear strategy since the 1960s, Australia–US nuclear weapons cooperation has been characterised by an absence of structured interaction. While the US rebuffed Australian attempts at closer cooperation in the 1950s, Australia was comfortable with a lack of robust institutional cooperation after the Vietnam War, and continues to see the main benefit of US nuclear weapons as a basis for US regional influence rather than for deterrence of threats against Australia itself.

Partners in deterrence

US nuclear weapons and alliances in Europe and Asia

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