Kathryn Nash
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Who contributes to the norms that govern the international system? As this chapter shows, the literature has explored the role of norm entrepreneurs, international institutions, courts, transnational networks, and states to create and promote norms that set expectations for how global society should work. However, there is often a piece of the puzzle that is missing. Regional organizations have defined regional priorities, created norms and policies, and contributed to international norms. Yet, despite their impact at both the regional and international levels, the contributions of regional institutions as norm creators and promoters, particularly in marginalized regions, is under-examined. This book analyzes the African region and asks why the Organization of African Unity chose peace and security norms in 1963 that underpinned a policy of non-interference in conflict, and why the African Union chose a very different set of norms in the early 2000s, which led to a conflict management policy of non-indifference. This chapter outlines the central argument that the OAU and then the AU uniquely adapted existing international norms, as well as creating new peace and security norms within their regional sphere, and largely independent of international pressure. It also examines the current literature on this topic and places the argument within an emerging literature on the role and contributions of Global South actors in the global normative order.

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African peace

Regional norms from the Organization of African Unity to the African Union


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