Kathryn Nash
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The final decade of the Organization of African Unity
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Changing regional and international dynamics set the stage for another reform of the African regional body’s approach to conflict. However, again the Organization of African Unity (OAU) chose to pursue an institutional fix by creating a new mechanism but still working within the normative confines of the existing organization. The Mechanism for Conflict Prevention, Management, and Resolution was established in 1993, but was ineffective in stemming the flow of conflicts and atrocities that plagued the continent. This chapter explores the creation of the Mechanism along with its use to prevent and manage conflicts. It specifically examines OAU responses to crises in Burundi, Comoros, Rwanda, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and it argues that the failures of the Mechanism to prevent numerous conflicts, and the Rwandan Genocide in particular, had a profound impact on African leaders leading up to the creation of the African Union.

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African peace

Regional norms from the Organization of African Unity to the African Union


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