The advent of the African Union
in African peace
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Unlike the Organization of African Unity, the African Union was created through a multi-step process over several years. The Constitutive Act of the AU was ultimately adopted by the OAU Assembly of Heads of State and Government at the Lomé Summit in July 2000, and it entered into force in May 2001 with the AU then officially launching in July 2002. The Constitutive Act of the AU is far more encompassing than the OAU Charter and includes not only defending member states and facilitating cooperation but promoting peace, good governance, human rights, and development among other things. This chapter draws on the scholarship of Thomas Tieku and primary sources to illuminate the period immediately surrounding the creation of the AU. It discusses the African leaders who were most influential in the adoption of new AU norms, notably Thabo Mbeki and Olusegun Obasanjo, and it shows that the new norms that were proposed and accepted as the basis for the regional body did not appear suddenly but were rather the result of decades of contestation and evolution.

African peace

Regional norms from the Organization of African Unity to the African Union

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