Zheng Yangwen
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Lesson 6. ‘Warring States’ of the Twentieth Century
in Ten Lessons in Modern Chinese History
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Nationalism did not save China, as the country disintegrated after the 1911 revolution. Warlords were able to control different parts of the country and they battled each other for power. This was further compounded by Russian–Japanese rivalry and the Japanese invasion. War seemed endless as the Chinese people were subjected to the civil war between the Nationalists and the Communists after the end of the Second World War.

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