The social and economic context of British government
in British politics today
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This chapter examines how economic changes have affected Britain over the centuries, and presents some thoughts on the absence of a modern British revolution. It presents an account of Britain's economic history, the class developments and differences, and the absence of a modern revolution despite astonishing levels of income inequality. The Gini coefficient is produced by relating the wealth and income of the rich to those of the poor; a high rating means high inequality, while a low one means less inequality. According to this index, Sweden, Denmark and Holland are at the top while Britain is low down the table, along with the United States. The chapter briefly explains Charles Murray's terming of the poor as the underclass who were not subscribing to the values of society and indulging in crime and drugs. It also deals with regional differences in the British society owing to geography, gender and ethnicity.

British politics today

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