Legislature II
The House of Commons
in British politics today
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Parliament emerged through the monarch's need to consult and raise finance for the kingdom's needs. This chapter deals with the decline of House of Commons, its present-day functions, its power, and its reforms. It also discusses the social background of MPs. The reasons of the decline of the Commons include expansion of the electorate and growth of a disciplined party system, growth in the power of the Prime Minister, extension of government activities and bureaucracy and loss of control over finance. While it is the willingness of the majority party to accept government actions which determines what passes into law, what the party will not accept sets the limits to what a government can do. A number of reforms of the Commons have occurred since the late 1980s. Some reforms are structural and have had a major impact, while others are minor and only procedural.

British politics today

The essentials

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