in British politics today
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It is often forgotten that the origins of nationalism in the constituent parts of the UK date back to when they were independent political entities. This chapter deals with the rise of Scottish nationalism and Irish nationalism. It discusses the devolution of powers after 1997. Major figures including John Smith, Robin Cook, Gordon Brown and Donald Dewar, were convinced of the need for devolution and the enabling Acts were duly passed with respect to Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The chapter lists the problems that had been highlighted as a result of Labour's constitutional changes including the West Lothian question, cabinet responsibility, and proportional representation. One form of national feeling among the English people is reflected in attitudes to the disproportionate shares of public expenditure Scotland and Wales receive compared with England. The chapter also discusses the devolution to the Greater London government and the impact of constitutional devolution.

British politics today

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