British and US government and politics compared
in British politics today
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British and US governments are often compared and such exercises can be illuminating. This chapter offers a brief survey of the similarities and differences to point up how different systems can be while appearing so similar on the surface. The similarities include free enterprise system and worldwide trade, Christianity and English language, democratic constitution, bicameral legislatures, executives answerable to legislatures, essentially a two-party system, and open elections. The key areas of difference are American exceptionalism, the US being a unified country formed from an amalgam of different immigrant groups, and the size of the economies. In the area of social comparison, income inequality and wealth distribution inequality are more pronounced in the US than in Britain. The chapter also compares the US Constitutions with the unwritten British constitution, the separation of powers between the executive, legislature and judiciary, and the federal and unitary systems of governance.

British politics today

The essentials


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