Amanda Gouws
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#EndRapeCulture and #MeToo
Of intersectionality, rage and injury
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The #EndRapeCulture campaign in 2016 in South Africa, an online movement as well as a set of direct actions, preceded the #MeToo campaign in 2017, which was never taken up in South Africa to the extent it was in other parts of the world. The campaign was characterised by topless marches of women students against practices, attitudes and perceptions that normalise sexual violence in South Africa. These were different to the more global slutwalks in that they were marked by powerful expressions of anger and rage. This chapter compares #EndRapeCulture with #MeToo, analysing similarities and differences as well as the use of online spaces and social media in both campaigns. It also looks at the backlash against cases of sexual violence that have gone to court in South Africa (such as the recent high profile Cherryl Zondi vs Pastor Omotoso case), where the secondary victimisation of due process often prevents women from speaking out. The Omotoso case is interesting for its secondary victimisation but also for technical issues that contributed to the judge recusing himself, meaning that the rape survivor now has to go through the same hearing for a second time. Lastly, the chapter asks questions about the type of feminism that allows for solidarity in #EndRapeCulture or prevents it, particularly given that white women students were reluctant to join in the topless marches.

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Intimacy and injury

In the wake of #MeToo in India and South Africa


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