Civil society, pacification programs, and anti-terrorism
Brazil’s ambiguous entrance into the Global War on Terror
in Counter-terrorism and civil society
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This chapter analyzes the ways in which regional security governance and Brazilian security policies were influenced and transformed in the context of the US-led agenda for the “Global War on Terror” (GWOT). In Brazil and beyond, security governance apparatus reflects the ambivalent logics of the authoritarian focus on internal security and the democratic civil-military agenda of addressing social and transnational threats to peace and stability. In tension, those logics have corroborated to a slow and uneven process of change in security practices throughout the region. To understand how security governance in Brazil has changed over more than fifteen years since the GWOT was launched, one must first understand the security apparatus through which the new agenda of counter-terrorism (CT) and counter-insurgency was transformed and adapted. This chapter proposes to analyze how the logic of security governance changed over time by considering three levels of operationalization: (1) the international dimension under the GWOT and its focus on containing the spread of terrorism and armed violence by mapping insecure spaces and associated needs in terms of protection and development; (2) the regional dimension; (3) the national dimension. The last section will analyze how these agendas were socialized and operationalized in pacification policies inside those domestic spaces classified as “insecure” by considering the nexus between the state and civil society and how this relation was transformed over the last decades.

Counter-terrorism and civil society

Post-9/11 progress and challenges


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