The securitization of civil society organizations, Islamism, and counter-terrorism in Kenya
A case study of MUHURI and HAKI Africa
in Counter-terrorism and civil society
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The enactment of the Prevention of Terrorism Act of 2012 and the Security Laws (Amendment) Act of 2014 in Kenya is a function of globalization processes, namely constitutionalism and the “Global War on Terror” (GWOT). Since the enactment of these two laws in particular, civil society organizations (CSOs) in Kenya that advocate the rights of Muslims are increasingly becoming targets of state-led counter-terrorism measures (CTMs) that undermine their capacity to achieve their objectives. This chapter examines how the state has securitized such organizations so as to prioritize them as targets of CT policy. The state securitizes such organizations by constructing them as threats to the war on terror and national security. CTMs, therefore, target the leadership, programs, resources, and societal linkages of such organizations, hence undermining the capacity to protect the rights of Muslims in the war on terror in Kenya. The chapter recommends ways in which the securitization can be de-securitized without undermining the GWOT.

Counter-terrorism and civil society

Post-9/11 progress and challenges

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