Shrinking civic space
Egypt’s counter-terrorism policy post-9/ 11 and beyond
in Counter-terrorism and civil society
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The political and security developments of the post-Arab uprisings, specifically in Egypt, lend credence to an “excessive” securitization approach toward the broader civil society, in comparison to the impact of the post-9/11 domestic and foreign context. These developments constituted a web of interrelated external and internal determinants that chiselled away the capacity of Egyptian civil society organizations (CSOs) to survive or adapt as they were stripped of any form of international, state, and societal support. This chapter argues that these determinants are: first, the rise of “populist leadership” after 2011, which gained significance through fostering the dichotomy between the “Egyptian people” and “independent CSOs” by associating CSOs with national security threats, i.e. terrorism. Second, the high incidence of national and regional terrorism post-2011 provided not only national but also international legitimacy to the excessive securitization of civil society. Resultantly, Egypt’s crackdown on CSOs and their exclusion from the governance process was largely ignored in favor of securing Egypt’s continued cooperation. This in turn led to a severe government mass crackdown, thereby shrinking the civic space in Egypt.

Counter-terrorism and civil society

Post-9/11 progress and challenges

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