Securitization of aid and counter-terrorism in Indonesia
in Counter-terrorism and civil society
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The end of Indonesia’s authoritarian political system in 1998 has opened the floodgates for various civil society organizations (CSOs) to organize themselves along ethnic, religious, and political lines. Some of these CSOs display voluntary, not for profit, and non-violent characteristics. These CSOs are important agents for change as they inform security sector reform agendas in Indonesia. However, not all CSOs that have thrived in post-authoritarian Indonesia demonstrate these “civil” traits; rather some CSOs display “military-like” features and are willing to use violence. Following the 9/11 attacks and the 2002 Bali bombing, in a bid to improve national counter-terrorism (CT) efforts, militarized CSOs began to play a greater role in security. Militarized CSOs’ engagement in security become more apparent in comparison to their “civil” counterparts as they participate in providing intelligence information, taking part in anti-radicalization efforts and helping the government to guard border regions. This chapter examines and compare the implications of national CT policy upon the emergence and role of CSOs that display “civil traits” and those that do not in Indonesia’s security sector after the 9/11 attacks.

Counter-terrorism and civil society

Post-9/11 progress and challenges


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