Marina Cardozo
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New Left encounters in Latin America
Transnational revolutionaries, exiles and the formation of the Tupamaros in early 1960s Montevideo
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Towards the end of 1962, the first meetings of political militants took place in Montevideo. These meetings led to the formation of the so-called Coordinator – a network of political groups that carried out armed operations. These groups included members of the Movement to Support Peasants, the Revolutionary Left Movement, militants of the Socialist Party of Uruguay, the Uruguayan Anarchist Federation and unorganised anarchist and left-wing militants. The Coordinator established links with other Latin American activists based on direct contacts with members of movements or organisations in the region – many of them temporary political refugees in Montevideo. Thus, the provincial city of Montevideo, capital of a small and untrumpeted state, became a transit, a meeting point, between the budding local armed Left and other important regional armed movements. These groups and militants were united by one idea: to make possible the continental and anti-imperialist revolution. This was a revolution that the old Left, notably the communist and socialist parties, of the region had failed to create. This chapter explores a set of revolutionary connections made between the emerging Uruguayan armed Left and various networks of local and international Left militants in the early 1960s.  Using oral interviews, press and other contemporary documents, it analyses a key moment in the configuration of the idea of the revolutionary, as well as the consolidation of the new radical Left in Uruguay and Latin America.

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