Aurora Almada e Santos
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The American Committee on Africa and solidarity with Angola
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The struggle against Portuguese colonialism between 1961–74 prompted solidarity around the globe and organisations such as the American Committee on Africa (ACOA) featured prominently in these 1960s transnational networks. Yet the study of the anti-apartheid movement has largely sidelined the activism in support of the anticolonial struggle in the Portuguese colonies. In addition, non-governmental solidarity in the United States, an important site of activism in support of liberation movements in Portuguese colonies, has received little attention. Examining transnational solidarity in this context is essential for understanding the end of Portuguese colonialism. This chapter explores ACOA’s solidarity with the National Front for the Liberation of Angola (Frente Nacional de Libertação de Angola – FNLA), paying special attention to the Emergency Relief to Angola (ERA) programme (1962–65). The analysis draws extensively on contemporary papers from ACOA to exploring the origin of the programme, its key experiences, and its demise. In particular, it argues that ERA was a pilot project that had as much to do with helping the struggle for independence of Angola as with ACOA’s intent of promoting its own ideas on solidarity.

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Transnational solidarity

Anticolonialism in the global sixties


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