Mary Ikoniadou
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Greece in the Third World
Solidarity through metonymy in a refugee magazine from the GDR
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This chapter analyses the ways a Greek-language emigres' magazine articulated notions of solidarity with the so-called Third World in the 1960s. Published in East Germany by political refugees of the Greek Civil War, the illustrated magazine Pyrsos expressed the political strategies and imaginings of the Left within and outside Greece. The chapter examines the aesthetic and political manifestations of solidarity, demonstrating that these are rendered visible in the magazine's visuality and intertextuality. It focuses on the magazine's discourse on the Vietnam War to argue that its articulation of solidarity was intellectually and aesthetically entangled with notions of identification and metonymy. In these, the plead for the liberation and democratisation of Greece was ‘inserted' within an anti-imperialist, anti-US, Third-Worldist struggle. In this sense, the chapter unearths the specific cultural histories and highlights the hidden accounts that unfolded from the margins during the Cold War, de-centring established, primarily Western-centric, paradigms of solidarity. By teasing out existing definitions of solidarity, this chapter speaks to the role of political publishing and contributes to scholarship on the visual and aesthetic dimensions of solidarity in the 1960s.

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