Karen E. Young
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Taimur Khan
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Extended states
The politics and purpose of United Arab Emirates economic statecraft in the Horn of Africa
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This chapter addresses the interaction of Gulf state security and investment strategy within the Gulf states’ near abroad in the Horn of Africa, with a particular focus on the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and its deployment of economic statecraft. Economic statecraft is using economic means to achieve foreign policy ends. It is economic policy deliberately formulated to promote the foreign policy goals of the state. Economic statecraft applies economic means to ends that may or may not be economic, whereas foreign economic policy encompasses means that may or may not be economic in the service of economic ends. This chapter untangles some of the foreign policy objectives of UAE investment and military intervention in the region, with a view of the ‘complex realism’ inherent in its policy formulation process. Both regional and domestic politics, along with great power concerns, have animated Emirati foreign aid and intervention, particularly after 2011 and the ensuing unrest in the region. Moreover, there do seem to be policy experimentation and a learning curve in effect.

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The Gulf States and the Horn of Africa

Interests, influences and instability

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