Marianne Hanson
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Rejecting nuclearism I
Changing the discourse; bringing humanitarianism back; empowering new voices and actors; challenging material spending
in Challenging nuclearism
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Chapter 6 explores how the first four elements of nuclearism identified in Chapter 1 have come to be challenged and reshaped by the Humanitarian Initiative and the resultant treaty banning nuclear weapons. It considers how the dominant discourse of security and the lack of a humanitarian view have been challenged and rejected by the creation of the new treaty. The chapter examines the way in which new agents and new processes allowed a wide range of voices into the nuclear debate, voices which were fundamentally different to those drawn from the traditional realms of the national security elite, and which are challenging government decisions and spending on nuclear weapons. The deliberate changing of the discourse on nuclear weapons, the insertion of humanitarianism into the negotiations, the exploration of the likely effects on humans and the environment, showed the potential for genocide, ecocide, and omnicide, and that the rights of future generations will all be affected by nuclear weapons. The chapter also explores how the ramifications of divestment strategies, and the closer scrutiny of budgetary allocations to nuclear weapons all challenge the traditional practices of nuclearism highlighted in Chapter 1. It argues that these new voices and new processes have invalidated the traditional focuses within nuclearism, which typically have denied any discussion of humanitarianism, have restricted decision-making to an elite few security specialists and policy-makers, and which have allowed spending on nuclear weapons to reach extremely high levels, without any serious challenge.

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Challenging nuclearism

A humanitarian approach to reshape the global nuclear order


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