Clive L. Spash
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Historical foundations and foundational conflicts
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In this chapter, ecological economics is identified as arising from late-twentieth-century environmentalism and the failure of environmental economics to create an academic community prepared to challenge mainstream economic thinking, and more specifically economic growth and price-making markets. Ecological economics engages with a range of topics which recur across time and space and have been debated in Western philosophy since the ancient Greeks. Environmental economics arose, along with the growth in public awareness, as a direct response to pollution problems. Neoclassical theorists gave resource and environmental economics a technocentric optimism and ideological faith in self-regulating, price-making markets that circumvented recognising any need for fundamental change in human behaviour or major government intervention to directly regulate corporations or control market players. Economists voicing strong environmental critiques proved too revolutionary for the orthodox mainstream of the profession.

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Foundations of social ecological economics

The fight for revolutionary change in economic thought


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