Avril Horner
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Desperate measures
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In the early summer of 1935 Rupert and Diana holiday in Spain and returned announcing that they have married there. There is no evidence of Rupert’s divorce from Madge Pemberton so it seems more likely that Diana simply changed her name by deed poll. Barbara gives birth to a girl, Caroline, in November 1935 and Julian is returned to her. She continues to hope that Rupert will acknowledge Caroline as his child but he prevaricates. That year both Rupert and Diana lose their respective positions as president and secretary of the London Group. Nevertheless they become heavily involved in organizing the International Surrealist Exhibition of 1936. Its impact on Barbara is profound and influences her work. Rupert confesses to Diana that Caroline is his child. Barbara becomes deeply depressed and Diana organizes a two-week holiday for her in Ostend. On her return, Barbara contacts John and demands a divorce. Julian is sent to stay with his grandfather Guy Pemberton in Oxfordshire. Barbara and John initiate divorce proceedings in 1936 but Barbara now realizes that Rupert will never marry her. She is depressed and attempts suicide. Barbara turns for help to her sister Chloe, whose landlord, Arthur Price, is converting a house in Kilburn into flats. Barbara moves into a small flat there in September 1936 and Diana helps her financially. Barbara decides she wants Julian back now she has her own home.

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