Manchurian candidates
in Britain’s Korean War
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With the ending of hostilities, British Prisoner of War (POWs) began to return home. As they did, so it became necessary to assess whether any of the returnees posed a threat to the State because of the Communist attempts at indoctrination. The repatriated POWs were graded either 'Black' or 'Grey', depending on the amount of Communist penetration which appeared to have taken place and had 'affected the thoughts, sayings and actions of these people'. During his interview, in Tidworth Military Hospital, Rifleman Spencer voluntarily and readily divulged a large quantity of extremely important information upon the subject of the Communist indoctrination methods. Cunningham noted that the common method used by Communists to motivate recalcitrant high-grade sources and the method used by the Chinese, in this instance, was to collect and fabricate sufficient evidence to implicate the source as a 'War Criminal'.

Britain’s Korean War

Cold War diplomacy, strategy and security 1950–53


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