Chapter 2 investigates the way in which the early cricket clubs were formed. It will relate the development of cricket clubs to the social, economic and cultural changes that took place during the last four decades of the nineteenth century. We will evaluate the key social, economic and spatial resources necessary to form cricket clubs and the pattern of social exclusivity that marked early organisations. Here, three important themes are: broadening access to leisure opportunities during the 1860s and the impact of this upon cricket; new socially inclusive cricket clubs and the role of other secular and non-secular institutions in their formation; and community identity, cricket clubs and social and economic change at the end of the nineteenth century. In the same period, cup and league competitions were being instituted for the first time.