Alternative ties
National and international forces
in Empire of scholars
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This chapter examines some of the forces that, in the interwar period, worked to erode the networks on which the British academic world depended. It suggests that national and international forces appropriated and repurposed the various mechanisms that since the 1880s had deterritorialised aspects of settler universities. American philanthropy provided scholarships and travel grants to the United States; anticolonial activists undermined euro-centric knowledge assumptions; refugee scholars disrupted appointment practices; while a post-war Dominion nationalism localised academic orientations. These new ties and supplementary connections eroded the density and reach of the networks on which the British academic world had been based, creating patterns of academic territoriality that linked universities to their national contexts while at the same time internationalising their engagement with their fellows abroad.

Empire of scholars

Universities, networks and the British academic world 1850–1939

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