Scots in early twentieth-century British Columbia
Class, race and gender
in Scotland, empire and decolonisation in the twentieth century
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This chapter argues that the Scottish immigrants' perceptions of class, race and gender were equally important for interpreting the range of their experiences in the early twentieth century. Scottish background and settlement conditions in British Columbia, as well as experiences elsewhere in the empire, shaped immigrant responses. After the First World War, Scots like Sam Guthrie continued to be prominent in labour agitation, particularly during the Depression. Aberdeenshire-born Elsie Munro, who had worked as a cook for the British army during the First World War, was among the members of Vancouver's Women's Labour League affiliated with the Canadian Communist Party. The prominent role of immigrant Scots like Allan Neill and Jessie Stratton in promoting racist policies in British Columbia can be partly explained by the influence of 'white labourism'.


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