Peacemaking
in The ethics of war
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The just war tradition upholds the primacy of peace over war. In just war theory the 'utopian' concept of peace is the ever-receding moral horizon that acts as a moral pull on the efforts of peacemakers. To ignore the criminal conduct of war is to undermine the moral culture of war, the preservation of which is one of the primary objectives of just war theory. Peacemaking in just war terms should be an expression of the communal and moral bond that unites adversaries even in the midst of war. From a just war perspective the criticism has some validity, but it rests on an oversimplification of the peacemaking process, and neglects the part that realism itself played in its breakdown. The idea of the progressive and qualitative improvement or transformation of the international order to which the just war approach is wedded is out of line with realism.

The ethics of war

Second edition

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