Labour, state and civil society in rural India
in Labour, state and society in rural India
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This chapter provides an overview of changing class relations in the Indian countryside, and their mediation by state institutions and civil society organisations. Drawing on government data and an array of recent case studies, it proceeds in four steps. The first sketches the processes of informalisation and fragmentation among classes of labour in rural India; the second shows how the dominant class reproduces its control over labour in a context of structural change; the third compares the proliferation of ‘neoliberal’ civil society organisations in India that protect the status quo with organisations of the labouring class that challenge it; and the fourth discusses the role that the state plays in mediating rural class relations through social policy and processes of decentralisation. Despite their limitations it argues that labouring class organisations, oriented around social policy and the extraction of concessions from the state, can contribute to broader pro-labouring class change.

Labour, state and society in rural India

A class-relational approach

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