Anna Boucher
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Gender awareness of skilled immigration policies across the OECD
Presenting the GenderImmi data set
in Gender, migration and the global race for talent
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This chapter presents a unique international dataset (the ‘GenderImmi dataset’) to analyse skilled immigration policies across twelve key OECD countries and thirty-seven visa types. Drawing upon the framework established in Chapter 1, three key areas of ‘gender awareness’ are considered: i) the extent to which gender mainstreaming processes are incorporated into policy-making, ii) the ways in which the different life courses of men and women are acknowledged in skilled immigration policy design, and iii) the (gendered) definitions of ‘skill’ within such policies. Countries such as Canada and Denmark that undertake gender audits of their immigration laws or admit applicants in female-dominated occupations such as the caring fields perform better in terms of gender awareness than countries like Austria, Australia, the United Kingdom and Ireland that do not undertake such audits or that focus narrowly on selecting immigrants from male-dominated Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) professions.

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