in Understanding US/UK government and politics
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Technically, executive branch includes the head of state, members of the government and the officials who serve them, as well as the enforcement agencies such as the military and the police. This chapter considers the political executive, in other words with the politicians rather than the civil servants. In a parliamentary system such as Britain, the key politicians include the ministers headed by a prime or chief minister, all of whom are members of and responsible to Parliament. In presidential systems such as the United States, the President acts as a single executive, though he appoints Cabinet members to work with him. The chapter reviews the official executive and examines the role of bureaucracies, the way in which they operate and the attempts by their political masters to make them work efficiently and achieve control over them.


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