This chapter looks beyond the Stalinist caricature of historical materialism to the powerful methods of anti-Stalinist Marxism. A number of Marxist reviewers of Richard Evans's book made similar criticisms that his refusal to engage in a debate over the nature of the selection of evidence left his criticism of post-modernism fundamentally flawed. Victoria Bonnell and Lynn Hunt argued about Marxism. They argued that 'in the face of these intellectual trends and the collapse of communist systems in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, Marxism as an interpretive and political paradigm has suffered a serious decline'. While Bonnell and Hunt rightly suggested that Marxism as a political and intellectual movement had suffered a number of setbacks since the 1970s, it would be a mistake to equate Marxism with the Soviet system.