Cultural policy at the heart of tensions between governance levels
in The European Union and culture
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This chapter sheds light on the tensions between distinct levels of governance in the course of the Communitarisation process of cultural policies. On the one hand, European institutions, and in particular the ECJ and the Commission, have played a role in the development of a new policy space at the EU level. On the other hand, member states were careful to preserve their policy sovereignty in a policy sector considered as particularly sensitive. In the 1980s, the states whose legislative and policy traditions were at odds with the liberalisation policies developed by supranational structures attempted to develop their own initiatives that would take into account their favoured policy preferences. This chapter shows that despite states' intervention and following Treaty reforms, EU intervention remained dominated by the application of economic principles to the cultural sector.

The European Union and culture

Between economic regulation and European cultural policy

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