Annabelle Littoz-Monnet
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The Communitarisation of broadcasting regulation
in The European Union and culture
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This chapter focuses on the TWF Directive, which establishes the principle of free flow for television programmes within the EU and harmonisation of EU states' broadcasting legislation. It details the Communitarisation process of audio-visual policy as well as the negotiation phase at the EU level that led to the enacting of the TWF Directive in 1989 and its renewal in 1997. The discussion argues that the TWF project was a supranational initiative developed by the European Commission as part of the drive to realise the European Single Market in the 1980s. France, whose interventionist tradition is evidenced in the audio-visual sector, along with other dirigiste states, felt strongly threatened by the mode of intervention developed at the EU level and attempted to wrest back control of policy by attempting to change the way the policy problem was framed at the EU level.

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The European Union and culture

Between economic regulation and European cultural policy


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