The crises of the inter-war years
in Might, right, prosperity and consent
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This chapter addresses the inter-war years, considering the cases of Germany, France, Italy and Britain. It also describes the cases of Poland and Yugoslavia, where democracy collapsed during the 1920s under external pressure; Spain, where it failed under the conjunction of domestic and external pressures; Czechoslovakia, where it failed as a consequence of the rise of Nazi Germany; and Sweden, where it succeeded. The most spectacular casualty of the immediate post-war crisis was Italian democracy. The British and German governments laboured with some difficulty under their respective external constraints. The rise of the Nazis soon transformed the international politics of Europe. The Spanish, Czechoslovakian and French democracies all fell to one form or another of German intervention. The difficulties of creating and sustaining a belief in nationhood were most acute in the successor states in Eastern Europe and the Balkans.

Might, right, prosperity and consent

Representative democracy and the international economy 1919–2001


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