in Empire and nation-building in the Caribbean
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After the withdrawal of Jamaica and Trinidad from the West Indies Federation, Britain proposed a new federation of the East Caribbean with extended revenue raising powers, freedom of movement, a customs union and full internal self-government, leading to full independence. However, a series of reports on the economic and fiscal state of the islands and the levels of support and investment required for a viable federation, coupled up with withdrawals by Antigua and Grenada and the anxieties of Barbados led to the collapse of federation negotiations in late 1964. The United States on the other hand began to distribute its aid on a piecemeal basis and finally opened its doors to West Indian migrants in 1965. Finally, Barbados, under the leadership of its Prime Minister Errol Barrow, set its sight on independence and which despite its poverty and racial problems, achieved independence smoothly without any violence or political tensions.


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