Governors and the governed, 1815–1914
in Community and identity
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During the nineteenth century, Gibraltar's civilians, by aspiration and by necessity, became further integrated into a world economy that was increasingly dominated by powerful commercial, industrial and financial enterprises centred on the advanced economies of Western Europe and North America. Domestically, they absorbed the material values and aspirations of western capitalism and accepted, pretty much, the ethics of free economic enterprise. This chapter examines the extent to which two other common though not invariable features of this western (and westernising) world may also be discerned in Gibraltar: first, the increased authority and roles of government; and second, the election of those who exercised that authority and provided services and their accountability to those who elected them. It first focuses on the governors and then turns to law and government, charities and education, the origins of the Sanitary Commission of 1865, Gibraltar politics, and the Civil Hospital and its transformation into the Colonial Hospital in 1889.

Community and identity

The making of modern Gibraltar since 1704

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